Top headlines :

Home birthstones Turquoise Gemstone | Everything You Need to Know

Turquoise Gemstone | Everything You Need to Know

limz Published On Sat Jan 25 2020   Modified On Sat Jan 25 2020
Turquoise Gemstone | Everything You Need to Know

Turquoise is the birthstone of December, alongside Zircon and Tanzanite. It is also the zodiac stone of Sagittarius. Traditionally, these stones are given as a gift on the 11th wedding anniversary.

Turquoise is a symbol of luck, emotional balance, loyalty, wisdom, truth, energy, and wholeness. The Apaches used to wear it as talismans and amulets because they believed that they possess great powers.

Let us learn more about the December birthstone, Turquoise.


Turquoise is an opaque, greenish-blue mineral that is a hydrated phosphate of copper and aluminum. Because of its extraordinary hue, these stones have been highly prized as a gemstone for thousands of years. These stones help to open up and balance the throat chakra that is the 5th chakra of the human body. It enables the wearer to express themselves thoroughly and helps to achieve divine communication.

Why is Turquoise on the Birthstone of December?

People born in December are full of surprises. They are loving, caring, fortunate, successful, trustworthy, sincere, and adventurous. They are co-operative people but sometimes they can be as stubborn as a mule. These beautiful traits make Turquoise fitting to be the birthstone of December.

Origin and History

Tibetian Turquoise Stone.
Tibetian Turquoise Stone.
Image Source: IndiaMART

The word Turquoise was originated from the Old French word "Turquies" which means "Turkey" in reference to the place where it comes from. The mineral of these stones were first brought to Europe through Turkey.

Turquoise holds many historical uses and significance. An American tribe, The Zuni believe that these stones protected the wearer from any kind of evils and demons. These stones are believed to be one of the first gemstones to be ever mined. In 6000 BC, these stones were mined in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula. 

Formation Process

Turquoise is formed by a chemical reaction that takes place when minerals like - copper and aluminum that carry water inside it leaks through a rock. These stones are mostly formed in dry weather through which we can figure out the geography of Turquoise sources.


The formula of Turquoise is CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8·4H2O. These stones have a waxy to sub-vitreous luster and they have a hardness of 5-6 on the Mohs scale.


  • Dry Creek Turquoise
  • Carico Lake Turquoise
  • Fox Turquoise
  • Kingman Turquoise
  • Lone Mountain Turquoise
  • Number 8 Turquoise
  • Royston Turquoise
  • Sleeping Beauty Turquoise
  • Larimar Turquoise
  • Spider-Web Turquoise

Colors Available

  • Blue
  • Blue-Green
  • Green

Mines Available

  • Hat Mine, Lander Country Nevada, USA
  • The Carico Lake Turquoise Mine, Lander County, Nevada
  • The Kingman Turquoise Mine, Kingman, Arizona

Cost Per Carat

Largest Turquoise Stone.
Largest Turquoise Stone.
Image Source: Daily Mail 

We can determine the value of Turquoise by its cut, clarity, color, weight, and quality. Among these, weight and quality are the most important. Their value can range from $1-$10 and $10-$1000 per carat. The largest Turquoise stone ever found weighs 225 kilograms (496 pounds). It was found in 2009 in the Zhusan country, China.


Turquoise is a beautiful stone that is only used in the manufacture of jewelry and ornamental objects.

Spiritual Properties

  • Turquoise helps the wearer to promote health, peace, love, joy, wisdom, positive thinking and it leads to greater self-realization.
  • These stones benefit the overall mood, dispel negative energy, soothes the mind, and balance the serenity of mind.
  • It also helps to aid lung disorder, prevent bronchial attacks, improve digestion, detoxify the blood, and strengthen the immune system.


Spider-Web Turquoise.
Spider-Web Turquoise.
Image Source:
  • As described in Exodus chapter 28, Turquoise is one of the 12 gemstones found in the breastplate of Jewish High Priest.
  • The most valuable Turquoise is the Spider-Web Turquoise. It is produced in the Hat Mine of Lander country, Nevada.
  • These stones should be handled carefully as it has a hardness of 5-6.
  • Native Americans highly believed it as a sacred stone and they even used it as a shaman’s stone.

Jewelry Stores Near You

  • Durango Silver Company, Colorado, USA
  • Hillberg & Berk, Regina, Canada
  • Tiffany and Co., New York, USA

Online Stores

  • Zales
  • Camille

Visit Stoneharu for more information about stones and gems.