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Topaz Gemstone | Everything You Need to Know

limz Published On Sat Jan 25 2020   Modified On Sat Jan 25 2020
Topaz Gemstone | Everything You Need to Know

Along with Citrine, Topaz is the birthstone of November and the zodiac stone of Scorpio. Traditionally, these stones are given as a gift on the 4th and 19th wedding anniversary. These stones were highly valued by the people and royals.

Topaz symbolizes love, affection, good health, prosperity, truth, and forgiveness. These stones are related to solar plexus and sacral chakra and helps to balance and open up both the chakras.

Let us learn about the November birthstone, Topaz.


Topaz is a precious stone consisting of an aluminum silicate that contains fluorine. These stones contain up to 20% of fluorine or water. Over the years, these stones have been quite popular and their market value has increased rapidly. Wearing these gemstones will help you to know your self-worth ad it will act as a guide in a long and tiring journey.

Why is Topaz on the Birthstone of November?

November babies are different from others and they have their own way of doing things. They are mysterious and they know how to have fun. They are creative, independent and full of inspiration. These wonderful traits make Topaz fitting to be the birthstone of November. 

Origin and History

Blue topaz Gemstone.
Blue topaz Gemstone.
Image Source: Catawiki

The derivation of the word Topaz was from the Greek word "Topazios", which is the ancient name of St. John's Island. The ancient Egyptians believed that these stones were created by the Sun God "Ra" who was the most important God of them. They even wore it as amulets or talismans to protect them during their journey.

During the 19th century, the beautiful Pink-Topaz was first discovered in Russia. Topaz is one of the 12 gemstones in Aaron's breastplate. It was placed as the second stone in the first row of stones. The rarest color of these stones "Imperial Topaz" was named by Russians during the 19th century.

Formation Process

Topaz typically occurs in cavities in rhyolites and granite, in pegmatites and high-temperature quartz veins. These stones are formed by fluorine-bearing vapors that are given off during the last stages of the crystallization of igneous rocks. 


The chemical formula of Topaz is Al2SiO4(F, OH)2 and they have a vitreous luster. These stones have a hardness of 8 according to the Mohs scale.


Different Types and Colors of Topaz.
Different Types and Colors of Topaz.
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  • Azotic Topaz
  • ImperialTopaz
  • London Blue Topaz
  • Mystic Topaz
  • Rutilated Topaz
  • Sherry Topaz
  • Silver Topaz
  • Swiss-Blue Topaz
  • White Topaz

Colors Available

  • Colorless
  • Blue
  • Brown
  • Orange
  • Gray
  • Yellow
  • Green
  • Pink
  • Reddish-Pink

Mines Available

  • St. Anns mine, Zimbabwe
  • Ouro Prêto, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • The Antonio Pereira Mine,Brazil
  • Topaz Mountain, Utah, US

Cost Per Carat

The American Golden Topaz.
The American Golden Topaz.
Image Source:

The value of Topaz can be determined by its size and color but in the case of this stone, color is more important than size. These beautiful gemstones are quite affordable. The price of treated blue Topaz ranges from $20-$40 per carat and pink Topaz is the most valuable. Their price can reach about $3500 per carat.

The American Golden Topaz is the largest cut Yellow-Topaz of the world which weighs 22892 carats. Not only it is the largest faceted Topaz but it is also the largest faceted gem of any kind. 


  • Topaz is used as gemstones in jewelry like - necklace, earrings, bracelet, and ring.

Spiritual Properties

  • Topaz gives us the power to recharge the body, remove any kind of negative thoughts and energies, discover one's ability, and promote love and success.
  • These stones help to aid ailments, fever, headache, back pain, improve digestion, aids blood disorders, and combat anorexia and bulimia.
  • It also helps to reduce emotional disharmony, prevent nightmares, purify the soul, and reduce the risk of depression and anxiety.


Heart-Shaped Imperial Topaz.
Heart-Shaped Imperial Topaz.
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  • Imperial Topaz comes in the color of yellow, pink or pink-orange.
  • As these stones are quite durable, it makes perfect gemstone for jewelry.
  • A 1680 carat colorless topaz is one of the most famous Topaz that lies in the Portuguese crown. It was believed to be the largest Diamond ever found but in fact, it is a colorless Topaz.
  • During the 18th and 19th centuries, the Russian Czar's family were only allowed to wear Imperial Topaz.

Jewelry Stores Near You

  • Hillberg and Berk, Regina, Canada
  • Rock and Gems, Whistler, Canada
  • Popular Jewelry, New York, USA
  • Hatton Garden Jewelers, London, UK

Online Stores

Visit Stoneharu for more information about stones and gems.