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Home birthstones Sapphire


limz Published On Tue Jan 21 2020   Modified On Tue Jan 21 2020

Sapphire is the birthstone for September and the zodiac stone of Taurus. Traditionally, these stones are given as a gift on the 5th, 45th, and 70th Wedding Anniversary. 

Along with Diamonds, Ruby, and Emerald, Sapphire is one of the most precious gemstones. These stones are well-known for their spiritual, physical, and emotional healing properties. 

Let us learn more about Sapphire.


Along with Ruby, Sapphire is one of the two varieties of corundum. These stones are typically blue and they are transparent to nearly opaque. Because of its deep blue color, it is known as royalty stone. For centuries, these stones have been regarded as holy and sacred stone and it symbolizes love, wisdom, wealth, strength, and kindness. 

Why Sapphire is the Birthstone of September?

September born babies are mostly honest, smarter, wise, compassionate, active, dynamic, emotional, and generous. Helping other people makes them happy and they have many friends. Hence, Sapphire pairs perfectly with September babies.

Origin and History

Natural Sapphire Ring.
Natural Sapphire Ring.
Image Source: Laurelle Antique Jewellery

Sapphire has quite an interesting history. The word Sapphire was derived from the Greek word "sappheiros" which means "blue". Once, ancient Persians believed that the color of the sky came from the reflection of these stones. According to the book of Exodus, the breastplate of High Priest includes Sapphire on the 2nd row of the breastplate.

Formation Process

Sapphires can take millions or more years to form. Mostly, the gem-grade corundum is formed in metamorphic or igneous rocks. When corundum in igneous rocks cool down slowly, large crystals of minerals are formed from those that are present within the magma.

During the transformation of igneous rocks, the purest Sapphires are formed and larger Sapphires are formed when the magma cools down more slowly.


The chemical formula of Sapphire is Al2O3 (Aluminium Oxide). These stones are ranked 9 on the Mohs scale of hardness making them the hardest gemstone after Diamond. 


  • Blue Sapphire
  • Pink Sapphire
  • Yellow Sapphire
  • Padparadscha Sapphire
  • Star Sapphire
  • Fancy Colored Sapphire

Colors Available

Different Colors of Sapphire.
Different Colors of Sapphire.
Image Source:
  • Blue
  • Pink
  • Green
  • Yellow
  • Orange
  • Purple
  • Colorless
  • Black

Mines Available

Sapphires are found only in a few places in the world. Here is a list of mines and places where these stones are mined.

  • Padar Mines, Kashmir, India
  • Mogok Mines, Myanmar
  • Mogaung Mines, Myanmar
  • Pelmadulla Mines, Sri Lanka

Cost Per Carat

Largest Blue Star Sapphire.
Largest Blue Star Sapphire.
Image Source: Kuwait Times

Mostly, the value of Sapphire can be determined by its quality and size. The price of these stones can range from $50 to $10000 per carat. In November 2014, The Blue Belle Of Asia was sold for $17,305,996 at Christie's Geneva making it the most expensive blue Sapphire in the world. 

The world's largest Blue Star Sapphire was found in Sri Lanka's Ratnapura mines. It weighs approximately 1404.49 carats and its estimated value is $100 million.


  • Sapphires are used in industries to manufacture cutting tools, sandpaper, monitor screen, and electrical insulators.
  • These stones are widely used in jewelry - ring, necklace, bracelet, and earrings.

Spiritual Properties

  • Sapphire helps to maintain balance within the body, promote peace, prosperity, love, and wisdom.
  • These stones also help to soothe insomnia, increase blood flow, treat fever, improve bone strength, and reduce nightmares.


Padparadscha Sapphire.
Padparadscha Sapphire.
Image Source: GemFame
  • Sapphires come in many colors but there is no Red Sapphire.
  • Diamond is the only natural stone that can scratch Sapphire.
  • Padparadscha or Pink Sapphire is the rarest natural Sapphires.
  • According to traditional teachings of Judaism in the Talmud, the ten commandments written on Sapphire.

Jewelry Stores Near You

  • Maison Birks, Toronto, Canada
  • The Antique Jewelry Company, London, United Kingdom
  • Ernest Jones, Oxford Street, London
  • The Natural Sapphire Company, New York, Unites States

Online Stores


Visit Stoneharu for more information about stones and gems.