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Peridot

limz Published On Fri Jan 17 2020   Modified On Fri Jan 17 2020
Peridot

Along with Spinel and Sardonyx, Peridot is the birthstone of August and the zodiac stone of Leo. Traditionally, these stones are given as 16th wedding anniversary gift. People considered it a sacred stone and it has been used as a talisman for centuries.

Despite Peridot's fascinating beauty, it is a lesser-known gemstone. This stone has a high and positive vibrating energy that helps the wearer to be more optimistic.

Let us learn more about this beautiful gemstone, Peridot.

Meaning

Jaw-Dropping Peridot Necklace.
Jaw-Dropping Peridot Necklace.
Image Source: Pinterest

Peridot is a yellow-green variety of Olivine and a Silicate mineral. These stones are quite rare and are mostly used to reduce stress, anxiety, fear, and jealousy. As these stones are not so expensive, people mostly use it as an alternate of Emerald. It is considered to be one of the oldest gems. At first, these stones were known as chrysolite.

Why is Peridot Birthstone For August?

Most of the August babies are confident, strong, friendly, good-natured, and honest. They have a quality of leadership and are most likely to be successful in life because of their winning personality. This characteristic makes the August-born people perfect to hold Peridot as their birthstone.

Origin and History

The first Peridot was believed to be found in St. Johns which is located right at the end of the Egyptian Red Sea. The word "Peridot" is believed to be originated from the French word "Peritot", which means "Gold". 

As Peridot is associated with the sun, the ancient Egyptians called it "gem of the sun". These stones are the national gem of Egypt. It was believed that Cleopatra also wore it as jewelry and was one of her favorite gemstone.

Formation

Different Shapes of Peridot.
Different Shapes of Peridot.
Image Source: Schiffmans

Just like Diamonds, Peridots are formed deep in the Earth's mantle. It forms in magma from the upper mantle, about 20-55 miles below. After this formation process, the lava carries it to the surface and it can be found in extrusive igneous rock.

Formula

The chemical formula of Olivine is (Mg, Fe)2SiO4 and since these stones are a variety of olivine and a magnesium-rich stone, the formula approaches to be Mg2SiO4. It is rated 6.5-7 on the Mohs scale of hardness and has a vitreous luster.

Types

Peridot is a rare and beautiful green gemstone that is a type of its own.

Colors Available

The colors of Peridots are:

  • Yellow
  • Yellow-Green
  • Olive-Green
  • Brownish
  • Lime-Green
  • Emerald-ish hue

Mines Available

Some of the well-known mines that are currently available are:

  • Peridot Mesa, Arizona, USA
  • Buell Park, Arizona, USA
  • Zabargad Mines, Red Sea, Egypt

Cost Per Carat

The value of Peridot ranges from $25-$500 according to its quality. A Peridot weighing 311.78 carats was discovered on Zagbargad Island, Egypt. It is the world's largest cut Peridot stone.

Uses

Here is the list of some of the uses of Peridot.

  • These stones are mostly used as gem in jewelry like - bracelet, necklace, ring, and earring.
  • They are also used as a flux for steel production.
  • It is often used to embed clasps and brooches.

Spiritual Properties

Peridot is highly valued for its powerful spiritual and healing properties. Let us have a look at some of its spiritual properties. 

  • These stones are believed to promote wealth, compassion, serenity of mind, and heighten the creativity of the wearer.
  • It helps to aid heart diseases, reduce stress, improve digestion, and treat illness.
  • It brings emotional harmony, brings joy, releases emotional blockages, and promotes love and affection.

 Facts

A Triangle Cut Peridot Gemstone.
A Triangle Cut Peridot Gemstone.
Image Source: Moriarty's Gem Art

Here is the list of some of the fun facts about Peridot.

  • Since 1912, it has been the official birthstone of August.
  • It is one of the oldest known gemstone dating back before 1500 BC.
  • It exists only in one color but its shades can vary.
  • The Smithsonian Museum is the house of the largest Peridot.

Jewelry Stores Near You

Here is the list of some of the famous jewelry stores near you.

  • Maison Birks, Ontario, Canada
  • Zale Corporation, Irving, Texas, United States
  • Tiffany & Co., New York, United States

Online Stores

Here is the list of some of the famous online stores.

Visit Stoneharu for more information about stones and gems.