Diamonds have been one of the most popular and expensive mining products for thousands of years. Rich and the kings have been keeping this precious, sparkling stone on their collections. For centuries, many saying like diamonds are forever, diamond is a girl's best friend, and diamond in the rough has emphasized the beauty and strength of this gem.
Many diamonds are popular all around the world for some specific reasons. Some are famous as the biggest and expensive, some are famous due to its interesting history and others because of some myth or story linked with them.
In this article, you will know about some of the greatest diamonds and the reason they are famous for.
Cullinan Diamond was the largest, rough diamond quality which was found in 1905 which weighed 621.35 g and was 106.75 carats. It was discovered in Cullinan, South Africa and named after the mine's chairman Thomas Cullinan.
Although it was put on sale in London in the same year, no one bought it despite the significant interest of people. After two years, it was brought by the Transvaal provincial government who presented it in front of the United Kingdom King, Edward VII as a birthday gift.
The King had it cut by the Asscher Diamond Company of Amsterdam. They studied it for six months before proceeding for the cutting. It was cut into nine big pieces where the Cullinan I a.k.a "The Great Star of Africa" is the largest clear cut diamond of 530.2 carats which worth is around $400 million. There were other hundreds of small pieces which valued around million of dollars.
The Hope Diamond is one of the largest diamond which was believed to have originated in India. It was kept in the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History in Washington DC in 1958. It weighs 9.1104 g and 45.552 carats with the admirable rare dark blue grayish color that makes it look stunning. It displays red phosphor under the contact with ultraviolet light.
There was a rumor that the Hope carried a curse which brings misfortune or death to a person who wears it. There is a story where, in the 19th century it was stolen from its original place, the eye of the statue of Hindu goddess Sita, by a French merchant. So, a priest put a cursed to it.
However, it is said that all the cursed stories are part of publicity. It adds mystique to the stone and the value of the diamond increases as well as the sale of newspaper rises. In 2006, the New York Times stated that "any hard evidence linking it to the tragedy has yet to be officially proven." The 'cursed story' was spread by several newspapers according to evidence found on that subject.
The De Beer Centenary Diamond is the third-largest diamond that is ever produced in the Premium Mine. It has been graded as D by the Gemological Institute of America, which is the highest grade for a colorless diamond. It is a flawless diamond both internally and externally. The name was given after an exhibition of the Centennial Celebration of De Beer, where they announced of the beautiful diamond in May 1988.
The cutting of the Centenary Diamond was done by hand rather than leaser to avoid heating and vibration. After the completion of the cutting, they were with an egg-shaped piece. With thirteen designs recommendation from designers, they modify it which resulted in a heart-shaped without groove. It weighs 273.85 carats (54.77 g) and is worth around $100 million.
The Koh-i-noor Diamond, which is also popularly known as the "Mountain of Light" was once the largest known diamond in the world. It was originated in India which was discovered in Kollur Mine in the 13th century. It was owned by various Sikh, Mughal, and Persian from time to time until it became the property of the British in 1849.
This stone is said to bring bad luck to any man who wears it because of its history of fighting between men. Since then it has only been worn by the female within the Royal British Family. It was first worn by Victorian in a brooch and a circlet. After her death in 1901, the stone was placed in the crown of King Edward VII's wife, Queen Alexandra. In 1911, it was set in the crown of Queen Mary and lastly in the crown of Queen Elizabeth for her coronation in 1937.
Today the Koh-i-noor is kept on a public display in the Jewel House of the Tower of London. Each year, it attracts millions of visitors. India and Pakistan have been clamming the ownership of the Koh-i-noor and have been demanding its return to its own country. However, the claim was rejected as the British government states that the gem was legally claimed under the term of the Last Treaty of Lahore.
Darya-ye Noor Diamond is one of the largest cut diamond in the world. It was discovered in Kollur Mine, India and was originally owned by the Kakatiya dynasty and later taken by the Mughal Emperor. It has been cherished by the royal families for centuries and now it is kept on the National Jewels of Iran. It is designed in a beautiful framed, surrounded by 457 small diamonds and 4 rubies.
If you have watched the classic movie, "Breakfast at Tiffany's", you must be familiar with this beautiful yellow diamond. It was worn by the actress Audrey Hepburn in the promotional photos of the movie. The owner of this lovely diamond is Charles Lewis Tiffany who was the founder of the Tiffany & co. He gave the cutting responsibility to George Kunz who modified it into a brilliant-cut giving it a total of ninety facets.
Throughout the history of the Tiffany Yellow Diamond, it has only been worn by three women! The first time was worn by Mrs. E. Sheldon Whitehouse in Tiffany Ball that was held in Newport, Rhode Island. The second time was by the actress Audrey Hepburn for her movie publicity photo-shoot in 1961. The last and recent one was by the famous 'Bad Romance' singer, Lady Gaga at the 91st Academy Award in 2019.
Visit Stoneharu for more facts about gems and stones.