Turquoise is a stone that neither reflects nor emits light and is a hydrated phosphate of copper and aluminum. This gemstone is for the people who are born in December and is given a gift on the 11th wedding anniversary. These stones are known to be holy stone for thousands of years.
Turquoise forms completely in dry weather by which we can figure out the geography of turquoise sources. A chemical reaction that takes place when certain minerals such as copper and aluminum which holds water inside leaks through a rock forms Turquoise.
There are many sources where turquoise is mined but Iran is known to produce the finest Turquoise. New Arizona and Mexico also produces high-quality turquoise but not as fine as Iran. Some of the other sources of these stones are Tibet, China, Afghanistan, Greece, Turkey, Egypt, Chile, and Nevada.
In 6000 BC, Turquoise was mined in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula making it one of the first gemstone to be ever mined. The national gem of Tibet is turquoise. For more than 3000 years, Iran was the place where Turquoise was mined and even Ancient Egyptians used it as a form of jewelry for thousands of years.
Turquoise was derived in the 13th century from the French word "Turquoise" which means "Turkey". This name was given as in the original manner it arrived in Europe through Turkey which was produced in Iran.
Turquoise falls in the category of Phosphate minerals and holds the chemical formula CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8·4H2O. The relative density or specific gravity of this stone is 2.31 - 2.84 and luster is waxy to vitreous. Its color varies from sky blue to dark blue and from yellowish green to deep dark green. These stones rank between 5-6 on the Mohs scale of hardness.
In ancient times, The Zuni (An American Tribe) believed that turquoise helped to get rid of demons physically and mentally. It was widely known by the people of ancient times to protect the wearer from death, injuries and any kind of danger one is facing. It was also believed that these stones will help the warriors to aim accurately at their target and was used as medicine to treat any kind of disease and injury.
In 1973, Lander Blue Mine also known as “Hat Mine” was discovered and claimed in Lander country Nevada. It produces spider-webbed turquoise of which beauty cannot be described in words. Today, because of the rarity of spider-webbed turquoise, it is the most valuable turquoise known.
Turquoise is believed to possess different kinds of healing powers and is mainly related to the heart chakra, throat chakra, and third eye chakra. These stones help us to achieve inner peace, love, joy, wisdom. It cures the feeling of loneliness, depression and helps us to be extrovert. It is of great use for people suffering from headaches, allergies, digestive problems, and exhaustion.
In 2009, the largest Turquoise to be ever found was registered by Guinness World Record. This stone was found in Zhushan country. It weighs 225 Kilograms (496 Pounds) and measures 1.03 m (3ft 5 in) long, 1.06 m (3ft 6 in) high, 26 cm (10 in) wide. Today, we can find it in the Shandong Tianyu Museum of Natural History, Shandong Province, China.
Breastplate is a piece of armor worn over the torso to protect it from any kind of injury. In the temple at Jerusalem, Aaron (brother of Moses) was the first-ever high priest to have worn this breastplate. As described in Exodus chapter 28, it is among the 12 stones found in the breastplate of Jewish high priests.
The value of Turquoise can be determined by its weight and quality. Depending on its quality and weight, value can vary from $1 to $10 and $10 to $1000 per carat. Its value can increase significantly when the weight and quality of these stones are. We can also determine the value by its cut, color, and clarity.
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