Carnelian, also known as cornelian, is a colorful quartz variety of chalcedony. Traditionally, it is the birthstone of July and the zodiac stone for those born under the sign of Virgo. It exhibits a hexagonal crystal system and has a specific gravity of 2.59–2.61.
Carnelian symbolizes vitality, motivation, courage, creativity, positivity, endurance, leadership, warmth, and joy.
Let us learn more about Carnelian.
Carnelian is a brownish-red mineral that was highly regarded as a talismanic stone by the ancient Egyptians. It is the traditional gift for the 17th year of marriage anniversary. These stones help to stimulate and balance the sacral or second chakra. It enables the wearer to stimulate creativity, cultivate flexibility and adaptability, restore vitality, combat abuse of any kind, embrace their true passion, and control sexual energy.
The origin of the word "Carnelian" is from the Latin word "Carneus" which means "fleshy", in allusion to its color. Since the Early Neolithic, it was used as beads in Bulgaria. It is believed that the Seal of Muhammad is a sculpted Carnelian set on a sterling silver ring. During the 1800 BC, the Minoans used it in decorative arts and jewelry. A Neo-Assyrian seal was made out of Carnelian that shows Ishtar-Gula as a star goddess. It currently lies in Western Asiatic Seals collection of the British Museum.
Most of the Carnelians are formed within ancient volcanic lava or igneous rocks. It is formed when liquid magma from a volcanic explosion cools down and transforms into igneous rock. It can also be found deep inside the sedimentary and metamorphic rocks.
The chemical formula of Carnelian is SiO2 (Silicon Dioxide). It has a hardness of 6-7 on the Mohs scale and has a vitreous to greasy luster.
The cost of Carnelian is extremely affordable. Red Carnelian can cost only up to $3 to $25 and Orange can cost $2 to $15 per carat according to its color, cut, clarity, and quality.
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