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Amethyst

limz Published On Sun Jan 12 2020   Modified On Sun Jan 12 2020
Amethyst

Throughout history, Amethyst has been highly regarded for its extremely attractive beauty and spiritual values. It is a Pisces zodiac stone and also the stone for the people born in February. It symbolizes purity, royalty, peace, devotion, mystery, and wisdom.

As St. Valentine, a Roman saint wore an Amethyst ring which was carved with the image of cupid, it is known as the stone of St. Valentine. Although it has stunning beauty, it is fairly inexpensive and richly supplied.

Meaning

Amethyst is a purple or violet variety of quartz which has a hexagonal crystal system. The word Amethyst comes from Greek "amethystos" which means "not inebriated". Also known as "Sobriety Stone", Greek people believed that these stones help the wearer to become sober. It is also the gemstone for the 6th anniversary of marriage.

Why is this Birthstone for this Month?

In ancient times, Romans believed Amethyst as a sacred stone which helps the wearer to purify and cleanse the soul. In February, they used to perform rituals to cleanse their sin, purify the soul and also to pay respect to the undead. So, this might be a reason for Amethyst to be the birthstone of February.

Amethyst Cabochons.
Amethyst Cabochons.
Image Source: IndiaMART

Origin and History

In ancient times, Amethyst managed to remain an expensive stone for a long period of time, until a very large amount of deposits were found in South America in the 1800s. Then, slowly it's price decreased and it became more affordable.

Greek mythology states that Amethyst is the name of a young girl. When Greek God Dionysus was completely drunk, the young girl became the victim of God and the wrath fell upon the girl. She then reached out to Goddess Diana for help but the Goddess turned her into white quartz. 

After Dionysus became sober, he realized his mistake and started crying. The goblet filled with red wine knocked down to the ground and the white quartz was soaked with it. The color of the quartz changed to purple which is now known as Amethyst.

Formation Process

Around 130-150 million years ago, Amethyst was formed from ancient lava fields. Several cavities are crated after the lava from a volcano cools down. It captures the gasses and water inside the cavities which helps the crystals to form within the cavities. During the crystal formation, if there is any existence of iron or manganese then it will help the clear quartz to change its color to purple. As a result, creating Amethyst crystals.

Formula

SiO2 (Silicon Dioxide) is the chemical formula of Amethyst. It is rated 7 on the Mohs scale of hardness and it does not break by cleavage. The specific gravity of these stones is 2.65 and has vitreous or glassy luster.

Amethyst Geode.
Amethyst Geode.
Image Source: Mindful Souls

Types 

There are six types of Amethyst which are as follows:

  • Ametrine Amethyst
  • Purple Amethyst
  • Mossy Amethyst
  • Pink Amethyst
  • Cape Amethyst
  • Prasiolite Amethyst

Colors Available

There are two varieties of color:

Natural Amethyst

  • Light to dark-purple

Heat Treated Amethyst

  • Light Yellow
  • Red
  • Green
  • Brown
  • Colorless

Mines Available

Amethyst is mined throughout the world which are as follows:

  • Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Museum Mine, Ametista do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
  • Four Peaks Mine, Maricopa County, Arizona, USA
  • Los Vigas Mine, Vera Cruz, Mexico
  • Thunder Bay Mine, Canada

Cost Per Carat

The value of Amethyst pretty much depends upon its color. Deep purple Amethyst has a higher value that dark or too light. If there is superior color quality then the price ranges from $4 to $6 per carat. 

The Empress of Uruguay is the world's largest Amethyst geode which is amazingly 78.3 carats and is now on display at The Crystal Caves in Australia. There was an offer to buy it for $190000 but it was not for sale.

The Empress of Uruguay.
The Empress of Uruguay.
Image Source: TripAdvisor

Uses

Amethysts are used in industries to produce faceted stone, beads, cabochons, and tumbled stones. These stones are also commonly used as jewelry - rings, bracelets, necklaces, earrings, tiara, brooch, or parure. 

Spiritual Properties

Amethyst is highly known throughout the world for its magnificent spiritual properties. It helps to open and balance the third-eye and crown chakra. These stones remove all the negative energy of the wearer with positive vibes and energy. It also helps to heal the wound, faster, balance mood swings, enhance psychic abilities, reduce the risk of heart disease, and improves skin condition. '

Rough Amethyst.
Rough Amethyst.
Image Source: pranaworld.net

Fact

  • Amethyst is the most highly prized variety of quartz and those with deep color have a higher value.

Jewelry Shops Near You 

Some of the famous shops near you are:

  • Zale Corporation, Irving, Texas, United States
  • Sterling Jewelers, Ohio, United States
  • Fred Meyer Jewelers, Oregon, United States
  • Tiffany & Co., New York, United States
  • Rogers Enterprises Inc., Illinois, United States

Online Store

Some of the famous online store where you can buy Amethyst jewelry or stones are as follows:

Visit Stoneharu for more information about stones and gems.