Not only Citrine and Topaz are the birthstones of November but Amber is also the birthstone of November. It is a zodiac stone for Leo and traditionally, these stones are given as a gift on the 34th wedding anniversary.
Amber symbolizes courage, purity, good luck, dignity, and calmness. Although Amber is not a precious stone like Diamond, Ruby, or Sapphire, they are extremely beautiful.
Let us learn more about Amber.
Amber is a hard, transparent, yellowish-brown substance that originated from extinct coniferous trees of the Tertiary period. These stones are associated with the Navel (Manipura) or Sacral (Svadhishthana) chakra and it balances and opens up both the chakras. It will enable the wearer to control their feeling emotionally and mentally.
November born people are unique and they mostly prefer to think outside the box. They don't like to work in other people's way and tend to create their way of doing things. They have an appealing personality and attract any people they come across. These qualities make Amber fitting to be the birthstone of November.
Amber is derived from Arabic "Anbar" via Middle Latin "Ambar" and Middle French "Ambre". Geologists believe that Amber formed about 20-30 million years ago from the resins of extinct species. These stones may contain fossils of insects, frogs, salamanders, and lizards. It also contains bits of small plants.
Pliny The Elder wrote in his book "Natural History" that Ambers were traded widely throughout the world. The ancient Greeks used these gemstones as talismans and amulets to protect them from any kind of evil thoughts or spirits.
At first, molecular polymerization that results from high pressure and temperature are produced by overlying sediment. Then, it transforms the resin into a copal, an incense made from the resin of trees. After that, continuous heat and pressure drive off terpenes and Amber is formed. It may take millions of years to form them.
The chemical formula of Amber is C10H16O. These stones have a hardness of 2-2.5 on the Mohs scale and they have a resinous luster.
The price of Amber varies from $0.10 -$1, $50-$60, and up to $195. According to the Guinness World Record, the largest piece of Amber ever found is owned by Joseph Fam. It weighs 50.4 kg or 111.11 lbs and its dimensions are 55 x 50 x 42 cm.
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