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Amber Gemstone | Everything You Need To Know

limz Published On Tue Jan 28 2020   Modified On Tue Jan 28 2020
Amber Gemstone | Everything You Need To Know

Not only Citrine and Topaz are the birthstones of November but Amber is also the birthstone of November. It is a zodiac stone for Leo and traditionally, these stones are given as a gift on the 34th wedding anniversary.

Amber symbolizes courage, purity, good luck, dignity, and calmness. Although Amber is not a precious stone like Diamond, Ruby, or Sapphire, they are extremely beautiful.

Let us learn more about Amber.

Meaning

Amber is a hard, transparent, yellowish-brown substance that originated from extinct coniferous trees of the Tertiary period. These stones are associated with the Navel (Manipura) or Sacral (Svadhishthana) chakra and it balances and opens up both the chakras. It will enable the wearer to control their feeling emotionally and mentally.

Why is Amber the Birthstone of November?

November born people are unique and they mostly prefer to think outside the box. They don't like to work in other people's way and tend to create their way of doing things. They have an appealing personality and attract any people they come across. These qualities make Amber fitting to be the birthstone of November.

Origin and History

Baltic Amber With Insect Inside It.
Baltic Amber With Insect Inside It.
Image Source: Baltic Amber Jewelry

Amber is derived from Arabic "Anbar" via Middle Latin "Ambar" and Middle French "Ambre". Geologists believe that Amber formed about 20-30 million years ago from the resins of extinct species. These stones may contain fossils of insects, frogs, salamanders, and lizards. It also contains bits of small plants. 

Pliny The Elder wrote in his book "Natural History" that Ambers were traded widely throughout the world. The ancient Greeks used these gemstones as talismans and amulets to protect them from any kind of evil thoughts or spirits. 

Formation Process

At first, molecular polymerization that results from high pressure and temperature are produced by overlying sediment. Then, it transforms the resin into a copal, an incense made from the resin of trees. After that, continuous heat and pressure drive off terpenes and Amber is formed. It may take millions of years to form them.

Formula

The chemical formula of Amber is C10H16O. These stones have a hardness of 2-2.5 on the Mohs scale and they have a resinous luster. 

Types

  • Baltic Amber
  • Mexican Amber
  • Caribbean Amber
  • Green Amber
  • Copal
  • Burmese Amber
  • Blue Amber
  • Black Amber

Colors Available

Ambers with Different Color.
Ambers with Different Color.
Image Source: amber.dust21.com
  • Yellow
  • Green
  • Red
  • Blue
  • Black

Mines Available

  • Open Cast Amber Mine, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia
  • Dominican Amber, Bayaguana, Dominican Republic
  • Sambia Peninsula, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia

Cost Per Carat

Largest Piece of Amber.
Largest Piece of Amber.
Image Source: The Straits Times

The price of Amber varies from $0.10 -$1, $50-$60, and up to $195. According to the Guinness World Record, the largest piece of Amber ever found is owned by Joseph Fam. It weighs 50.4 kg or 111.11 lbs and its dimensions are 55 x 50 x 42 cm. 

Uses

  • Amber is used as an essential oil.
  • These stones are also used to create perfumes.
  • Since the stone age, these beautiful gemstones have been used in jewelry.

Spiritual Properties

  • Amber helps the wearer to repel negative energy, alleviate stress, enhance patience, promote love and success, and purify the soul.
  • These stones reduces anxiety and depression, promotes self-confidence, improve emotional balance, and it also protects the wearer from evil.
  • It helps to treat goiter, stomach ache, reduce the joint problems, relieve muscle spasms.

Facts

Dinosaur Tail Found Preserved in Amber.
Dinosaur Tail Found Preserved in Amber.
Image Source: National Geographic
  • The most common color of Amber is orange to yellow but up to today, these stones have been found in more than 300 colors.
  • These beautiful stones are not mineral
  • Most of the Amber deposits are found in the Baltic region.
  • Even the parts of Dinosaurs can be found preserved in Amber.
  • Amber helped to identify many of the extinct species.

Jewelry Stores Near You

  • Top Amber Jewelry "Amberkot", St. Petersburg, Russia
  • House of Amber, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • The Amber Shop and Museum, Southwold, UK

Online Stores

  • Amber Queen
  • Amber Pieces
  • Etsy

Visit Stoneharu for more information about stones and gems.