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Home birthstones Alexandrite


limz Published On Sat Jan 18 2020   Modified On Sat Jan 18 2020

Along with Pearl, Alexandrite is the birthstone for June. Traditionally, these stones are given as a 55th marriage anniversary gift. In 1952, Alexandrite was added on the list of birthstones by the Jewelers of America.

Alexandrite is a stone of good omen and for centuries people have believed that these stones will bring good wealth, love, and health. In this article, you will learn more about these beautiful color changing stones.


Alexandrite Necklace.
Alexandrite Necklace.
Image Source: Lilia Nash Jewellery

Alexandrite is a green variety of chrysoberyl and a very rare and valuable gemstone. These stones are widely known for their ability to change color. This beautiful gemstone appears green in daylight and red in artificial light. As natural Alexandrite is decreasing rapidly, synthetic Alexandrite is being produced in many laboratories.

Why is Alexandrite the Birthstone of June?

June born babies are confident and they are always filled with happiness and joy. They are visionaries and have a lot of great ideas. Their pleasant behavior helps them to attract their loved ones or the people around them. These qualities make June babies perfect to hold Alexandrite as their birthstone.

Origin and History

In 1830, Alexandrite was discovered in an emerald mines near Yekaterinburg, a city of Russia. This stone was named on the honor of Prince Alexander of Russia who was the heir apparent to the throne. During the Russian Empire, these stones were their national gemstone. As these stones were about to extinct, larger deposits were found in Sri Lanka, East Africa, and Brazil.

Formation Process

The formation of Alexandrite takes place only when aluminum and beryllium combine with elements of iron, titanium, and chromium. Among these, chromium is the most important as it helps the color of Alexandrite to shift with light.


The chemical formula of Alexandrite is Al2BeO4. These stones are rated 8.5 on the Mohs scale of hardness and has a vitreous luster. 


Alexandrite is a beautiful color-changing stone and it has no other types. These stones are a form of the mineral chrysoberyl.

Colors Available

Same Alexandrite Stone Under Different Lighting.
Same Alexandrite Stone Under Different Lighting.
Image Source:

The colors of Alexandrite changes under different lighting conditions. Some of the colors of these stones are given below.

  • Golden-Yellow
  • Green-Yellow
  • Green
  • Red

Mines Available

Some of the famous mines of Alexandrites are listed below.

  • Carnaiba Mine, Bahia, Brazil
  • Dowerin Mines, Midland, Australia
  • La Madera Mountain, Petaca, New Mexico

Cost Per Carat

The value of Alexandrite highly depends on its color. The price of these beautiful stones can go up to $70000 per carat. The Smithsonian Institute is the house of the world's largest faceted Alexandrite that weighs about 65.08 carats and it is valued over $4 million.


Alexandrite has been used as a gem in jewelry since its discovery and some of them also used it as talismans.

Spiritual Properties

Alexandrite is a highly vibrating stone and it has many spiritual and healing properties. Some of them are given below.

  • These stones help to promote emotional harmony, love, provide confidence, increase one's self-esteem, and heighten courage.
  • It also helps to detoxify the blood, soothe tension, balance the nervous system, and regenerate tissue


Alexandrite Ring.
Alexandrite Ring.
Image Source:

Here is the list of some of the interesting facts of Alexandrite.

  • Alexandrite color changes according to the lighting condition.
  • It is more expensive than Emerald, Sapphire, and Ruby.
  • Natural Alexandrite is rarer than Diamond.
  • They have an excellent hardness of 8.5 on the Mohs scale.

Jewelry Stores Near You

Here is the list of some famous jewelry stores near you.

  • Zale Corporation, Irving, Texas
  • Hillberg and Berk, Regina Canada
  • Hirsh London, London, UK

Online Stores

Here is the list of some famous online jewelry stores.

Visit Stoneharu for more information about stones and gems.